symptoms persisting months after covid

Fatigue and headaches are the most common symptoms reported by people who have spent an average of more than four months since having COVID-19, according to a study by researchers from Georgia Medical College (United States).

The research, published in the scientific journal “ScienceDirect”, points out that muscle achesthe tosthem changes in smell and tastethe feverthem chills and the nasal congestion They are the following persistent symptoms.

“Our results support the growing evidence that there are chronic neuropsychiatric symptoms following COVID-19 infections. There are many symptoms that we didn’t know what to do with at the start of the pandemic, but it is now clear that ‘there is COVID-19 and many people are affected,’ commented Dr. Elisabeth Rutkowskicorresponding author of the study.

The study reports the preliminary results of the first visit of the 200 patients enrolled in the Georgia COVID-19 Neurological and Molecular Cohort Study, or CONGA, who were recruited on average approximately 125 days after testing positive in COVID-19.

Study results

The 80 percent of the first 200 participants declared neurological symptomsfatigue being the most common symptom, reported by 68.5%, followed closely by headache at 66.5%.

Just over half experienced changes in smell (54.5%) and taste (54%) and nearly half of participants (47%) met criteria for mild cognitive impairment, with 30% showing poor vocabulary impaired and 32% impaired working memory.

21% felt confusedand hypertension was the most common medical condition reported by participants in addition to their access to COVID-19.

No participant reported having had a stroke, weakness or inability to control the muscles involved in speech, and problems with coordination were among the least common symptoms.

25% met criteria for depression, and diabetes, obesity, sleep apnea, and a history of depression were associated with those who met the criteria. Anemia and a history of depression were associated with the 18% meeting objective criteria for anxiety.

While the results so far aren’t surprising and match what other researchers have found, Rutkowski says the fact that participants’ reported symptoms often don’t match what objective tests indicated was surprising. Moreover, it was bi-directional.

For example, most participants said changes in taste and smell, but objective tests of these two senses did not always agree with what they reported. In fact, a higher percentage of those who did not report changes actually had evidence of impaired function based on objective measures, the researchers write. Although the reasons aren’t certain, part of the discrepancy may be due to a change in the quality of taste and smell, rather than pure impairment in ability, Rutkowski says.

“They’re eating a chicken sandwich and it tastes like smoke or candles or whatever, but our taste strips try to represent specific flavors like salty and sweet. Others, for example, can trust more to these senses, even when they’re preparing food, and they may be able to notice even a slight change.In any case, their data and others suggest a persistent loss of taste and smell after COVID-19,” says Rutkowski.

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