How to Know if You Have a UTI: Common Symptoms

Nail UTI occurs when certain microorganisms reach the urinary tract. Even though your urinary system is prepared for it, sometimes it fails to prevent bacteria from reaching the urinary tract and reproducing in the bladder. This is the case of cystitis caused by the bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli).

But it can also happen in kidneyswhat is called pyelonephritis or infection, kidney, in the ureters or urethra.

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Due to her anatomy, urinary infections are more frequent in women since the urethra is shorter and closer to the rectum, which favors the entry of pathogens.

Other factors that may increase the risk of contracting urinary tract infections They have had previous infection, sexual activity, pregnancy, or structural problems with the urinary tract, such as an enlarged prostate or age, being more common in children and the elderly.

How to know if you have a urinary tract infection

Although the causes can be diverse and also the affected area, UTIs usually have similar symptoms. It’s easy that you can detect them yourself from home.

The most characteristic sign is pain or burning caused by urination. Also a increased need to pee. Other common symptoms, according to Mayo Clinic son:

  • Frequent urination in small amounts.
  • Cloudy urine.
  • Red, bright pink or brownish urine (a sign of blood in the urine).
  • Strong-smelling urine.
  • Pelvic pain in women, especially in the center of the pelvis and around the pubic bone area.

Depending on the region, symptoms may vary. The symptoms of a kidney infection May include:

  • Fever.
  • Trembling chills.
  • Pain in the lower back or side.
  • Nausea or vomiting.

To be sure it is this type of condition, you can have a home urine test, thanks to reactive strips, made from absorbent paper which detects the presence of leukocytes (white blood cells) and nitrites (waste products resulting from the metabolic reactions of bacteria).

When this infection is limited to the bladder, it can be painful and uncomfortable. However, it can have serious consequences if it spreads to the kidneys. So, in any case, It is convenient to go to the doctor, since its treatment requires antibiotics.

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