(Spanish CNN) — There are currently two monkeypox vaccines available in the United States, and the government distributes them nationwide, primarily in states where the incidence of cases is higher: New York, California, Florida and Illinois.
So far there have been 5,800 confirmed cases of monkeypox across the country, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Due largely to shortages, at present the general population is not eligible to receive either of the two monkeypox vaccines except those who have had direct contact with an infected person or who are considered high risk as such. , According to the CDC.
The two vaccines available are: Jynneos, tested and developed to treat monkeypox infection and manufactured by Bavarian Nordic, and ACAM2000, used to treat smallpox and approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) against monkeypox but not should not be used in people who have certain health conditions such as a weakened immune system or skin problems, explains the CDC.
With the exception of Florida, New York, California The United States and Illinois have declared states of emergency over the outbreak of this disease as it spreads across the country. This statement allows emergency medical service personnel in each state to administer FDA-approved monkeypox vaccines.
Where are monkeypox vaccines available?
Since late June, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has been sending doses of the Jynneos vaccine to states with the highest transmission and where there are higher-risk populations. Although he also reserved “a small amount” of doses for the rest of the country.
Until July 27, they had distributed more than 300,000 doses of this vaccine. Among the states that received the most doses were: New York (62,239), California (61,271), Florida (36,800) and Illinois (28,307).
How do I get monkeypox vaccines?
According to the HHS, vaccines are offered priority to all at-risk groups, including:
- Those who have had direct physical contact with an infected person
- Those who have an infected sexual partner
- Those who have had sex in an area where an outbreak of monkeypox has been identified
- Some health workers who treat infected people
The vaccine can work even if given after someone has been exposed, so the CDC recommends that people get vaccinated within four days of the date of exposure to reduce symptoms of the disease.
If you think you belong to these risk groups, health authorities in the United States recommend that you contact your doctor or your local health department to find out whether or not you are eligible to receive a vaccine. Additionally, you can make an appointment for the vaccine through your state or local health department.
Due to a shortage of monkeypox vaccines, each state’s public health departments are prioritizing doses for people “at very high risk” of contracting the disease.
With reporting by CNN’s Jacqueline Howard and Brenda Goodman