The AIDS pandemic: uncertain progress

In recent years, the multiple and intertwined crises that have shaken the world have had a devastating effect on those affected by the HIVand delayed the global response to end the AIDS pandemic.

The new data revealed by the annual report on the state of the AIDS pandemic in the worldmade by the United Nations Agency for the Fight against HIV (UNAIDS), are “huge”. “The bone progress has been questionable, resources have diminished and inequalities have increased,” explains the report.

From UNAIDS, they assure that “insufficient investment and action they put us all in danger. We already face millions of AIDS-related deaths million new HIV infections if we continue on the current trajectory. Also, remember the promise they made by 2030: to end AIDS.

Last year there were around 1.5 million new HIV infections, more than a million of the projected figures

Last year there were approximately 1.5 million new HIV infections, more than a million figures expected. They lost their lives 650 thousand peopledespite the fact that there are already effective treatments and tools to detect and stop the virus.

We can say that in 2021, every minute, four people were infected and one more died of direct or indirect causes. In the case of infections, it is a 3.6% less than the previous period, even if it means smallest annual decline since 2016. Deaths are also decreasing, since they are 30 thousand less than in 2020. In total they are 38.4 million people those living with this infection.

The number of people on HIV treatment only increased by 1.47 million in 2021, compared to the increase of 2 million people in previous years. This represents the smallest increase since 2009 people benefiting from this treatment.

The report assures that if current trends continue, 1.2 million people will be infected with HIV by 2025, three times the target set for that year.

Despite this decline, the report assures that if the current trend continues, 1.2 million people will be infected with HIV in 2025, three times more than the objective set for this year. They also explain that the As will continue to be one of leading causes of death in many countriesespecially among the less developed.

The reality is that the increase in new HIV infections in some regions could halt or even reverse progress in the fight against AIDS-related deaths, they assure UNAIDS.

They also highlight the rise in infections in Eastern Europe, with Ukraine being the second country in Europe with the highest incidence, after Russia. Central Asia; Latin America; Next come the Middle East and North Africa. That’s to say, in almost all parts of the world.

Particularly striking is the Asia Pacificwhich is the largest and most populous, as the data shows for the first time that new infections increase while decreasing.


The ace women and adolescents are the most affected by the HIV pandemic, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Every two minutes, a woman is infected with HIVAnd data shows they are three times more likely to contract the virus than boys and men of the same age. This is due, in large part, to the disruption of essential prevention and treatment services during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Data shows treatment coverage gap between children and adults widening, not narrowing

The second most affected group are the men who have sex with men. For example, in El Salvador, between 2019 and 2021, the prevalence nearly doubled.

The other most vulnerable group are the children. in 2021 no progress has been made in the treatment of children. The 48% minors living with HIV do not have access to life-saving drugs. According to the data, the treatment coverage gap between children and adults grows instead of shrinking.


Progress is slowing as the resources available for HIV in low- and middle-income countries are decliningso that there is a margin of 8 thousand dollars compared to the amount needed planned for 2025.

Many major bilateral donors are cutting international aid for AIDS as low- and middle-income countries grapple with increased fiscal burdens caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, and now the ukrainian war create headwinds.

Many major bilateral donors cut international aid for AIDS

For example, US development assistance for HIV has been dropped 57% over the past decade. Faced with this, UNAIDS explains that “New investments are needed to end AIDS by 2030”.

Despite these figures They are in danger”as it is titled is the report, from UNAIDS do not lose hope, and affirm that “the solutions exist. 40 years of experience in the HIV response have shown what works.

Because we all need health…

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