The Association of Renewable Energy Companies supports the energy saving plans promoted by the government. The old reflection of “the greenest energy is that which is not consumed” is still relevant, especially since in just one year the energy deficit has been multiplied by 2.5, exceeding 16,000 million euros in the first four months alone. Along with energy savings, APPA Renovables proposes various measures that would allow, in the short term and, on several occasions without associated costs, to have a greater production of renewable energy. At the same time, measures have been proposed to accelerate the energy transition and reduce the vulnerability that energy dependence entails for our economy.
The national energy dependence on imports – 12 percentage points higher than the European average according to the latest data – represents a vulnerability for the Spanish economy which, with the invasion of Ukraine by Russia, is become more evident to society and business. Especially with current fossil fuel prices, which triggered the energy deficit: compared to last year, the energy deficit for the first four months has increased 2.5 times, from 6,400 million euros in 2021 to 16,100 million euros in 2022. To make a comparison, the total deficit of the Spanish economy in 2020 was 13,422 million eurosas can be seen in the Study of the macroeconomic impact of renewable energies in Spain. In the first four months of 2022, the energy deficit exceeded that of the entire Spanish economy in 2020.
The national economy must reduce its exposure to the decisions of third parties and, to achieve this in the economic field, it is only possible to bet on energy savings and the acceleration of the implementation of renewable energies. APPA Renovables encourages the executive to take decisive action to integrate more renewable energy into the system, which can be achieved in the short term with measures that, in many cases, would have no cost to the system.
Greater integration of renewable energies in the short term
The emergency plan aims to reduce energy dependence on fossil fuels and, in particular, gas consumptionboth to secure internal supply and to reduce energy system costs in times of high fuel prices.
Electrification with renewable energy and the direct substitution of gas for renewable energy are strategies that the government and companies have been working on for years. However, the urgency of the emergency plan makes it necessary to bet on measures that increase renewable energies in the short term.
Since APPA Renewables Many measures are proposed that would increase the use of the national renewable potential in a short time. An increased effort to avoid the discharge of primary energy of renewable origin from power plants currently in operation, the acceleration of the processing of renewable installations with network managers, the extension of water concessions for mini-hydroelectric power plants or a modification of the regulations which allow the rejection of the surpluses of self-consumption towards installations which cannot do it currently, would make it possible to have free more renewable energy in the short term.
In addition, It is proposed to urgently promote the hybridization and repowering of renewable installations and, in the case of biomass, doubling the capacity that will be auctioned in October this year.
Medium and long term measures
The Association of Renewable Energies Companies also proposed to MITERD many medium and long-term measures that would ensure greater integration of renewables into the system.
The energy transition is a long-distance race. Although the integration of renewable energies is important in the short term, it is more important to adapt the current Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan to the current needs of the country and to the evolution that the different renewable technologies have suffered. Energies that are not only indigenous, clean and sustainable, but which, in the current price context, are more necessary than ever to contain the effect of energy on inflation.