Strokes occur when blood flow to part of the brain is interrupted. If this situation occurs for more than a few seconds, the brain cannot receive nutrients and oxygen, so cells may die and cause permanent damage, according to information from the US National Library of Medicine. .
Normally, this condition occurs when a blood vessel in the brain breaks, which can cause bleeding inside the head. To prevent and avoid this condition, you can adopt certain habits and these are seven of the most important.
1. Exercise at least 30 minutes a day, at least three times a week.
2. Maintain a healthy weight by eating healthy foods, eating smaller portions and participating in a weight loss program if necessary.
3. Limit alcohol consumption. This means no more than one drink per day for women and two for men.
4. Do not use cocaine or other illegal drugs.
5. Do not smoke
6. Reduce the amount of cholesterol and saturated fat in the diet to reduce the accumulation of fat in the arteries. If it’s not possible to control cholesterol through dietary changes alone, it’s important to seek medical treatment, says the Mayo Clinic research institute.
seven. Follow a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. Ideally, the daily diet should contain at least five daily servings of fruits or vegetables. The Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes olive oil, fruits, nuts, vegetables, and whole grains, can be helpful.
types of accidents
Strokes can be ischemic and hemorrhagic. The first occurs when a vessel that supplies blood to the brain is blocked by a clot. This can happen in two ways: A clot can form in an already very narrow artery, called a thrombotic stroke.
When a clot breaks free from another part of the blood vessels in the brain, or elsewhere in the body, and travels to the brain, whether it is cerebral embolism or embolic stroke.
“Ischemic strokes can also be caused by a sticky substance called plaque that can clog arteries,” says the National Library of Medicine.
A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in part of the brain weakens and ruptures. This causes blood to leak into the brain. Some people have defects in the blood vessels of the brain that can facilitate the development of these accidents. For example, there are patients with aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy.
Mayo Clinic indicates that some of the main symptoms that indicate that a person may be suffering from a stroke, as this condition is also called, are, among others.
– Difficulty speaking and understanding what others are saying. You may experience confusion, have difficulty articulating words or understanding what is being said.
– Paralysis or numbness of the face, arm or leg. The person may develop sudden numbness, weakness, or paralysis in these parts of the body.
– Vision problems in one or both eyes. Suddenly, the person may have blurred or blackened vision in one or both eyes, or may see double.
– Headache. A sudden, intense headache, which may be accompanied by vomiting, dizziness or altered consciousness, may indicate that you are having a stroke.
– Difficulty walking. The patient may stumble or lose balance. You may also have sudden dizziness or loss of coordination.