Candida Auris, the drug-resistant “killer” fungus

And mushroom ‘assassin’ is on the loose. Its name is Candida Auris and it has a mortality of between 30% and 70%. The scientific community is already beginning to worry about fungusbecause it has a strong resistance to antibiotics and antimycotics.

Moreover, it has already been detected that it proliferates, with the latest case of the hospitalization of a patient at the Italian Hospital Angelo de Mestre. A priori, it seems that this patient was hospitalized outside Italy and it was there that he contracted the fungus.

According to experts, the global warming contributes to the spread of the fungus. A study published in the medical journal ‘mBio’ shows that this type of Candida has adapted its ability to survive high temperatures and that is why its diffusion is increasing.

Candida Auris, the fungus

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explained the five reasons why this fungus is a problem:

Causes serious infections

It can cause blood and other invasive infections, especially in patients admitted to hospitals and nursing homes and with many medical problems. Mortality rises to more than a third during the first month of diagnosis. Within three months, half of them die.

It is often multiresistant

Antifungal medications commonly used to treat other Candida infections often have no effect on Auris. Indeed, some of its strains are resistant to three major classes of antifungal drugswhich makes them incurable and increases mortality.

if it spreads

The number of cases has increased rapidly since the fungus was discovered in Japan in 2009 in a woman’s ear sample, although the oldest known dates from 1996. The first known European outbreaks occurred in 2015 in France and since then cases have steadily increased, reaching 50 countries.

It’s hard to diagnose

Another problem with Candida Auris is that it can be easily confused with other fungi and it is necessary to use specialized methods to ensure correct identificationwhich is essential to prevent breakouts.

Can spread quickly and cause outbreaks

Candida auris can be transmitted in health care settings and cause rashes as is the case with multi-resistant bacteria. Another problem is that he can stay in patients for several monthsas well as endure in the environment and resist certain disinfectants.

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