Why have sexually transmitted diseases exploded in Catalonia?

The ace sexually transmitted diseases have exploded in recent decades. For years, health authorities have been warning about this increase and a new Bloom’s workshop notes that the data is terrifying in our country and has increased to 1,073%, especially among women. What’s going on?

According to the study, the causes are mainly due to the increase in sexual partners and relationships and infrequent or inappropriate use of contraceptives. The lack of sex education means that in many cases people are not aware of the seriousness to which this type of infection can lead and risky practices are carried out due to a false sense of security in the sexually active population. To all this, it must be added that currently much more testing than before — and so there are a lot more diagnoses — and detection techniques have improved. In Catalonia, 58% of cases statewide are diagnosed and some experts are calling for public hospitals to be periodically tested for STIs.

In recent years, all STIs have grown exponentially. Among the most prominent clamidia (480% since 2015) and the gonorrhea (729% since 2015). Other infections like syphilisthe linfogranuloma venereum and hepatitis C in women, they increased by 129%, 178% and 76%, respectively. As it concerns HIV, it should be noted that the growth of new diagnoses is much lower, 5.6%. In all cases, younger women reported more diagnoses.

Barcelona, ​​a city with many STIs

This same study by Bloom concludes that new cases of STIs are spreading irregularly throughout the territory, concentrating in large population centers, urban territories and areas with higher population traffic. The relationship is simple: “where there are more people and more population movements, there are more STIs,” explains Tomás López, epidemiologist at ISCIII. According to the information available, the most populated and urban health areas are those that receive the most cases of STIs. In addition, some are part of the catalog of tourists’ favorite holiday destinations, as is the case with Barcelonaa city with the highest rates in the state.

A trend similar to Europe

In the same way, to Europe the numbers are also rising. According to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), chlamydia infection has the highest incidence rates, which did not decrease during the period 2009-2018. This infection mainly affects young people between the ages of 15 and 24 and is more common in women. In the case of syphilis and gonococcal infection, an upward trend continues, affecting young adult men aged 25 to 34 in the case of syphilis and 20 to 24 in the case of gonococcal infection.

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