Tips for taking care of mature skin

Although menopause is an important stage in a woman’s life because she loses her period, climacteric extends from when ovulation begins to be impaired until it disappears completely. For this reason, the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV) he prefers to speak of the affectation of the skin during the climacteric.

Your spokesperson, Barabash Neil’s novel, dermatologist from the Virgen del Rocío Hospital in Seville, explains that during this period the gradual decrease in sex hormones (estrogens) causes a series of changes in the morphology and functioning of the skin and appendages: “It decreases its functionality, producing less fat, less sweat, partially reducing its temperature and increasing vascular permeability and reactivity.”. One of the most striking changes is the reduction in the thickness of the dermis and epidermis. Others are the obvious decrease in the level of collagen and elastin as well as the decrease in the density of the hair follicles, which further weakens the skin.

Drier skin, less brittle hair and nails

Barabash recounts many consequences of these processes:The skin becomes drier, flaky and less elastic, resulting in an increase in skin wrinkles. Flaccidity and loss of volume appear. One can begin to find more spots due to exposure to the sun thinned skin, the mucous membranes lose their degree of hydration.

Hair and nails are also affectedas pointed out by the specialist in family medicine and member of the dermatology working group of the Spanish Society of General Practitioners and Family Doctors (SEMG), Stephanie Barbeito Pagliuca: “We can observe symptoms such as hair loss and weakness, alopecia, brittle hair, dry and dull hair. With regard to the nails, fragility, thinning of the thickness, stains and irregularities may appear.

The hairiness in general, and in particular that of the armpits and the pubis, decreases. The length of the hair follicle cycle is reduced, resulting in some degree of alopecia, as occurs in men. On the contrary, in many women there is an increase in hair in the beard and mustache area: “Androgen/estrogen imbalance is also responsible for these hair and hairy hair alterations”, specifies Román Barabash.

Rigorous with care

Stephanie Barbeito signals the appearance, in cases not treated in time, of cracks and generalized itching, which can lead to complications such as dermatitis and skin infections: “Because of the menopause we can find dryness in different degrees, some can be very mild and others very advanced, producing significant damage. Dermatitis can be associated if there is a complication of lesions caused by dry skin In this sense, the specialist recalls that in a polypathological woman, a simple skin infection can cause decompensation.

According to him, the best treatment is prevention:If we keep our skin well hydrated, we can avoid major dermatological complications”. Her advice is to apply moisturizers three times a day every day: “It is important to be rigorous and to do it daily, because if you do not take care of yourself properly, the skin lesions could become infected at cause of the intense itching they cause. may occur.” If the itching progresses and does not improve with hydration alone, you should see a doctor.

Creams that meet health standards

In addition to often moisturizing with lotions or creams, Barabash deems it necessary to use non-detergent, mild and extra-oily soaps. Likewise, filters for ultraviolet A and B radiation, and for visible light, are important to prevent further aging under the action of solar radiation, one of the main producers of free radicals. And a warning about creams and cosmetics: “They must comply with health standards as much as possible. recommended to avoid contact dermatitis, which also appears more frequently due to more fragile skin.

As treatments, the dermatologist understands that there are currently different topical actives that can be useful: “Specific cosmetics that combine alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), retinoids and antioxidants such as vitamin C, accelerate cell renewal, which slows down with the decline in estrogen, and give the skin juiciness and luminosity”.

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