How the heat affects if you have covid

The second hello heat in our country, already in full summercoincided with the escalation of infections by covid throughout the territory. An increase in infections considered the seventh wave since the start of the pandemic. The positives do not stop germinating and hospitalizations also increase in parallel, so the concern of doctors and experts is a reality. In addition, the time of year in which we find ourselves, together with the celebration of festivals, summer holidays and other factors of socialization, are elements that favor the spread of coronavirus in Spain.

Does heat reduce the spread of coronavirus?

The relationship between covid and heat brings together several edges. On the one hand, the level of spread of the virus at high temperatures. Luis Enjuanes, head of the covid laboratory at the CSIC National Biotechnology Center, recognizes an increase in virus infectivity with elevated temperatures. In this sense, the heat can be considered an advantage. Since 2020, several studies have concluded that heat acts as a limiting factor in the spread of infections.

For example, according to the report ‘Climate, temperature and spread of Covid-19’ from the Carlos III Health Instituteit was concluded that environmental conditions in summer, increased human activity outdoors, improved host immune system during hot seasons, and exhaustion of susceptible hosts favored the reducing the spread of covid. However, there is still no scientific consensus that supports this type of study.

Are people infected with covid more vulnerable to heat?

The Heat extremes, the aggressive temperatures experienced by the population during these weeks, undoubtedly constitute an increased danger for people with chronic diseases, the elderly, children and outdoor workers. The exhaustion and fatigue produced by the aggressiveness of the thermometers, as well as the potential heatstroke, can aggravate previous pathologies, such as diseases mental, cardiovascular and respiratory as recognized Health.

So, some of the common symptoms suffered by people infected with covid, according to the list of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention: difficulty breathing (feeling short of breath), fatigue, cough or fever, share a symptomatological picture with certain diseases that could be aggravated by contagion by the coronavirus. In this line, avoiding heat and its consequences is even more important for people infected with covid.

Advice against the heat wave in the midst of the covid epidemic

The Ministry of Health of Spanish governmentin the face of the extreme temperatures of the heat waves which join the covid epidemics, establishes a series of recommendations to follow:

  • Stay hydrated and in cool places: Seek shade, cover your head, wear light, loose clothing that allows perspiration. Take care of your skin with suitable sunscreens and wear sunglasses. Drink plenty of fluids even if you’re not thirsty, avoid alcoholic beverages, and don’t overindulge in beverages that contain caffeine or a lot of sugar. You can consult daily on the site of the Ministry of Health over-temperature alerts in your province or isothermal zone.
  • Avoid sunny hours: Avoid sun exposure between power stations of the day (12:00 p.m.-7:00 p.m.). Reduce strenuous outdoor activities during the hottest hours. Stay as long as possible in cool, shaded or heated places. Never leave anyone in a closed and parked vehicle, especially children or the elderly.
  • Continue with covid prevention measures: Avoid exposure to high temperatures and keep in mind that to date there is no evidence that heat prevents the spread of COVID-19. Protect yourself and others by washing your hands frequently, when coughing or sneezing, covering your mouth and nose with your elbow bent, avoiding touching your face, and maintaining a social distance of 2 meters between people .
  • Caring for vulnerable people: Monitor the health of the elderly and/or people with previous pathologies (such as cardiovascular or respiratory diseases), as they are the most vulnerable both to the effects of heat and to complications derived from SARS-CoV-2. Contact your doctor if you experience symptoms such as cramps, headaches, dizziness, nausea, or fatigue that last longer than an hour.

More information on coronavirus and other health tips.

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